#echo banner="" ʵԻѯҹǹ طʹѷ ǧʡ 08

ԡ㴡¡ٴǹ

ʵԻѯҹǹ

طʹѷ ()

Ҫøѧ ûѭɯ (ǧʡ ѧ)

ѴԹҡ § ѧѴ˹ͧ

ѹ Ҥ ..

Ѵҡ˹ѧ ǻԺѵԸ

Ѵ͡ҡҡ Ǻ ȹǻԺѵ ͧǧʡ

www.geocities.com/luangpu_thate/data/lesson12.htm

ػ

طʹ ͹ͧѾѭپط ʹš͹˵ؼ Ѩͧԧ ѳԵ¼ʹ㨨о֧Ժ¡Ҿ٨ ͹觾 ʴҢͧ觤͹鹡٨ԧ 㹤ط 㹤͹ͧͧ ǡС èͨѺѺ Ѥ Ѻ仹Ѻ㨨к͡׹ͧ ǡʹ͹ѹ š ͡ҡ͹˵ؼѨ ͧʴҡյյ ҧҷҹ¹͹ѹ ջѡɳоɡѭ (¡һѡɳ С) ºحҸԡ÷ҧҡҧѧ ѧҡҪѵ͡ç þ çêС㨢ͧͧͧط ؾ⾸ԭҳ ǡçСҾطʹԡԺѵԵǷͧ (кؤŪСҨ㨢ͧ ) й طʹҨ֧ ػä ѷԻླʹ š ѷ͹ԡ¹ դ طͧͷͶ 繾طʹ繢ͧ蹡 ʹͤҡ ֧ͧ ֧ҴǾطʹҡչº·ͧͺ ¡ оطҹӾطʹԡѡ Ҩ ͧ¡ѡҤ Ӥʧ¡ý֡ͺҸ 㨢ͧ¡ԭѭ

оط繾ʴͧ͡š ˵繾⾸ԭҳ Ѿ¸¾ͧͧ ֧Ԫҷͧç֡ѧçҡҨ Եô´Ƕ֧ ᢹ 觶͡ѹԪشʹ¹ ѹԪʵ ʵ繵鹡 ͧ觾⾸ԭҳ ͧç ¾лժҩҴö 鹤觷ԴѺͧþʷ չó繵 Ըշѹ ǡԧ 㹢ШԵǷҶ֧ ͡ѤҨԵ 觹šȨҡ

ҡբ͡ѧҶ õͧоطŢͧʧǡҷ¡ 㹢ШԵ (ͷԵ) öᵡҹ仵ŵЫ þѹ๡Сҧ ͨ ҵ㹢ШԵ ǹ ҨԵ͡ѤͧͧҹѭǷԵøҧ 觨Եҹѧ ѹҴ ˹觴ӹҨͧҹ ԵҶ֧ѹ˹觷 繨Եӡý֡ͺ ö鹤繷ԴŷѺͧþʷ ѹչó繵 Ըշǡ ѹվѡɳҳͧ Ѩҵðҹ ¤ ԵӡԨѨ óǨ֧ŧҵ㹢ШԵѹ˹ ػ͹Ź׺ǹҹ⨷ ѡҹѴ ֧鹺ѧѴԹչ ͹ ҡоٴҧѭ ǡ ͧШѴШ¡ѹ仵Ƕ֧ҧ ͧ ǫԨ֧繷ǡѹ й õ֧ѹҴͧʺط С ҡâͧ 㨼ͧҴǡʨʴҡ ͡ ҺѴµͧ ǡӨѴ»ѭѹط դʧҡҹ

ӷҾоطѾ¸駻ǧ鹡ջѭ 㨵 ·͸Ժǹ ¸ ѹǹŤԭ ǡͤطͧ Ҥ仫š Ԫɰʵ 繵 ѧ㨢ͧҧ Фҹ鹫繢ͧ੾šҹ ǡԪҷͧշشŧ Ԫ¡͹طū觤Ҩ¹ ѹ繢ͧ٧ش ն֧ ᢹ ѹʵ繵 ¹ᵡ ҹѺ¡ͧ ʹͧҪ ֧ͧ¹ͧ ѧçǡ Ԫҹ鹡öйͧç֧ ¸ ԪҹšԪ Ѻšҹ ¹͡ ͡ ¹Ϳ͡㨢ͧ ¹˴ͧͧ Դѧʧշشŧ ֧¡š ǹѹ¡¸ ѹԴҡԵ觺ط ѹҸدҹ ѴѨѹ˵ռ ͧѹСѹ 㹾з¢ͧͧ Ԫѹʹ Ԫ蹹͡˹仨ҡաǔ

ٴ ¡Ҿоطҵ¸ ѹͧԧ繨ԧ ŧˡ͡ǧͧż͹͡͹ ѹ 繷ء㹡㨷 ͧŢͧ繷ءԧ ǡ˹ҡ˹¨ҡء鹴 繡㨢ͧŢͧ ҡѹͷҹù͡ʹʹ ˵ͺԴءǹ ǡǾ˵ع 繼 繤س ªѺآʧѹԴҡѭҷ繷ء繨ԧ ˵Դء ǡзءԧ 㹻Իҷҷԯ繼Ө ؼشʹ龺͹

¹ŻԺѵԵѡСôѧ͸Ժҹ ¡¹ҡ ǹ ѺԪҷشͧšҷؤŢͧͧ ¸ Ǩǧ Ԫҷ˹ա зšͷءҹ ;鹨ҡءǡ¡繼Դ ªҵԡѺ ͼͧء繷ء繷ءԧ

һСͺҪվ š ش¤ǨҼԭҹ ǹ ҽ׹ػäҹѻ ҧ駶֧ҴҪԵѹ ͻŴͧ͡ Шҡ÷سպ鹨ҡԷԾŢͧ Ԫ˹ҹͧ Ҽɼ ¹þä駻ǧ㹵Ǣͧ ҵǨҡâͧѴäԴ ҧСѺä ä鹡©Ѻѹѹ ǡԨ ͧеͧѡä鹵ա ͡ԨТͧͷеѡա ա

͹¸͹ͧͧ ػ͹蹢öͧѵط ´ѹͧ ͧ繪Ѵ ѭѹԴҡԭҹ ѹԻʹʵԻѯҹ繵 ͧԭ ͧҾ 繨ԧҧ º͹蹢¹ þʷѹչó 繵 觻Եͧضت繨ԧѨ ¤Ǩ÷ ͧ Դѷҵ㨻ԺѵԢѴҨԵ㨢ͧ ¡ԭ СҹʵԻѯҹ繵 ѧ͸Ժ СӨѴ ״ͧԵ Ш͡ҡŧҹ㹷ش ͼһԺѵԵ¹´ѧ͸Ժҹ Թºҷؤ ¸Ҷ֧ͧóҤó ͧ੾ ͧ͵ҨҢͧա

¸͹ͧçѭѵ Ҩ繾Թ;и Դ鹨ҡѾѭصҳ çԹԨ´¾зѹط¾ͧͧ ·Ԩҡ 駹 й鹸Թҹ鹨֧繢ͧط ç觤ѡ ԷʹŹҹ ըԵѺ¸͹ͧͧ任ԺѵԵ ѺŹҫѹ ҹЪŤöͧ ѧҡ繪Ѵ㨢ͧǷء㹢й

ͧ¸繢ͧ´֡آҡ ѹԴҡ㨺طͧҹ ͺ֡Ҵ ֧ҡضت ҧǡҷ·е仾٨ Ҷ֧öʢͧ¸Ƕ֧ ¸Ԫҹ͡˹仨ҡѪ ŵ ԹºҧҧҾ٨ѵظҵ ͧ٨ ⹸ҵططҹ鹨֧ ǡ繤੾е (Ѩѵѧ) ա ֧ й鹡 ͧѧçѭѵҤӾٴǡ黯ԺѵԵз觺Ѵ ֧Ѻ繺حѡǡ й ա֡ҡ֡͡ҹ ԺѵҡͻԺѵҹ¡ ͪШԵͧѧطͨ繾鹰ҹѺͧ ͧ¸ Ҿ٨¸µ˹ѧ͡ºѡѪҹ ҨԴԨҷԯԢҡ þ٨ҡ仵çѺ¸͹ͧ оطҡ ҡ仵çѹҡҾ֧Ѵҹ¡ɤ͹ͧͧ͹ 繺һ ӵõç֡ҨŹ任ԺѵԵ¤ ӵ ͹ֺ纾ûԮͧͧ ͻªآš͹تѧѧ աҔ